Life on Earth is impossible without water. Although, our planet is covered by big oceans and lakes and rivers we still face lot of challenges to ensure that we have the right amount of water available. This is because life depends a lot on groundwater which is the underground water that we usually access by drilling wells. Groundwater is our ultimate resource for freshwater which often gets polluted when mixed with surface water. There is a growing demand for finding better resources and locations from where we can access groundwater and that is only going to be tougher in the future as the population of the planet grows.

The Importance of Groundwater

Groundwater is usually underground and therefore the water remains untouched or unaffected by our activities on the planet. On the other hand, groundwater is usually used for residential water supply, industrial water supply and crop irrigation and many other places where water is required. This water is usually not polluted in any way until it remains underground, but there are other ways in which groundwater can be contaminated. Life on earth actually depends on the groundwater as plants, birds, animals and even we humans do survive on groundwater. While Earth is covered with oceans and lakes all of that is usually salt water. In fact 96% of the planet is covered by salt water that cannot be consumed. Hence, only 4% of the water on the planet is fresh water and of that 98% is basically groundwater.

Regulation of Water Cycle

While groundwater is important for us to handle our day to day life it is also important for the climate at large. Water is created and destroyed in natural chemical reactions, but it never really goes away. Groundwater that is usually underground can resurface from springs and other water bodies and discharge itself into lakes, rivers, streams and into oceans and therefore it contributes immensely to the water cycle that is crucial to the climate of the world. Groundwater depletion is one of the main concerns for many environmentalists because it not just means less amount of water for humans, animals and plants, but it also adversely affects the environment and the climate of the planet.

Groundwater Management

Different countries around the world understand the importance of groundwater and therefore they have their organizations that look into the groundwater management that allows them to handle their economy in a better way. On a large scale, nations have to make sure that they have enough groundwater stored for the population and for the growth of the economy. Most of the groundwater is used for farming and irrigation and therefore it is important for countries where agriculture is the biggest trade sector. On the other hand, even consumer product manufacturers make use of groundwater that they use in factories and industries. Sustainable management of groundwater has become an important element to the success of developed nations.

Groundwater Conservation Education and Awareness

Many countries around the world make sure that they educate their people to make the right use of the groundwater that is available and therefore they come up with education programs and awareness campaigns that focus on groundwater conservation. One of the biggest threats to groundwater conservation is the use of chemicals and disposing off in the right way. Often groundwater gets in contact with the polluted surface water and that is quickly depleting the amount of groundwater that is available. Waste disposal is another issue that has become a global issue as there are many that dump their waste in water. Many factories and industries dump toxic waste like unused chemicals, motor oil, paint and chemicals that can impact the groundwater levels. There are many organizations that also focus on over-use and wastage of groundwater by offering smarter ways to provide water to plants and crops in large fields. There are better irrigation techniques that are being implemented to ensure that limited amount of water is provided in the right quantities to control the usage of groundwater. Many NGOs and organizations have now come up with better ideas to make use of recycled materials that can be recycled naturally and that does not impact or pollute the groundwater leading to depletion problems.